Hazardous Wastes, c. Industrial Wastes, d. Agricultural Wastes, e. Bio-medical Wastes, f. Waste Minimization. Solid wastes, thus, encompass both a heterogeneous . TYPES OF SOLID WASTE. The United States generated 292 million metric tons of municipal solid waste in 2018. About 43 million tonnes (70%) are collected of which about 12 million tonnes are treated and 31 million . GUIDELINE ON RECYCLING OF SOLID WASTEGUIDELINE ON RECYCLING OF SOLID WASTE Tel: (012) 310 3911 . Introduction to Solid Waste Management 2. need to evolve strategies and plans for safe and environmentally sound method of disposal. . This process of waste management utilises highly ionised or electrically charged gases called plasma within a vessel to convert carbon-based materials into fuel. MANAGING WASTE. can help to reduce the volume of waste. Composting 3. Sewage sludge is a semi-liquid mass that is produced during the course of sewage/waste water treatment processes. The JMC bought about 800 waste disposal bins to be distributed throughout the city. PowerPoint Presentation: Landfill structure is built either into the ground or on the ground into which the waste is dumped. This approach involves the combustion of waste material in the presence of oxygen. - The major sources are mining (75%), Agriculture (12%),Industries (9 %), Muncipalties (3%) & Sewage sludge (1 %). Sanitary landfill. Some of the major types of solid waste management are as follows: a. 6.4.2 Integrated Iron & Steel Plant Slag The Blast Furnace (BF) and . They are all artistically enhanced with visually stunning color, shadow and lighting effects. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, which can lead to environmental pollution and the outbreak of vector-borne disease. Thus, the waste disposal definition should also include a waste management system. Recycling [] Therefore, the construction of sanitary polygons has to be The methods are: 1. Slaughter house and processing plant waste. 1.3 Classification of solid waste 6 1.4 Functional elements of solid waste management 7 1.5 Main sources of solid waste generation 9 1.6 Waste handling and separation, storage and processing at the sources 10 1.7 Solid waste collection 10 1.8 Recycling and reuse 12 1.9 Common solid waste disposal methods 13 1.9.1. 2. the main processing technologies are compaction incineration manual separation. Solid Waste Open Burning Only materials that meet the definition of solid waste under RCRA can be classified as hazardous wastes, which are subject . Orodho (2012) avers that a descriptive . From where does the waste comes from? This thermal treatment method is commonly used as a means of recovering energy for electricity or heating. Recycling of Waste Materials 9. Solid wastes are the organic and inorganic waste materials such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, kitchen refuse, paper, appliances, paint cans, batteries, etc. Landfill: This approach is used to treat solid wastes, like garbage, and the solids remaining after waste treatment. dioxide, energy and a composted matter. Materials regulated by RCRA are known as "solid wastes.". destined for landfill or incineration. Attempts should be made to recover materials or energy from waste which cannot be reduced, reused or recycled. Animal feed. Methods of solid waste disposal and management are as below: Open burning Dumping into the sea Sanitary Landfills Incineration Composting Ploughing in fields Hog feeding Grinding and discharging into sewers Salvaging Fermentation and biological digestion Open burning of Solid Wastes Not an ideal method in the present day context Dumping into Sea Plasma Gasification.

More number of waste disposal units can be placed in all the tier-1 and tier . Also described as thermal treatment Where land is not available Hospital waste Cage layer waste - Excreta collected under the cages, spilled feed and feathers.

The stabilized product is called compost or humus.It resembles potting soil in texture and odour and . 282 Views Download Presentation. Solid waste recycling and recovery Recycling is the recovery and reuse of materials from wastes. The most common composting techniques include static pile composting, vermin-composting, windrow composting and in-vessel composting. Bulldozer In Landfill Management in India - In the sense of landfill management, the general premise of pretreatment technologies is that treating the waste before final disposal will reduce the volume of waste being landfilled and enhance or accelerate the stabilization of the waste, reducing the long-term disadvantageous effects on the environment. What happens to the waste next ultimately depends on the operators or local laws that regulate dumpsites. India: Solid Waste Management (SWM) Rules after 16 yearsNew rules announced on 5 . Presentation by P.M. Oagile University Of Botswana Department of Civil Engineering COURSE . This involve the following steps: a) Sorting out or segregation at Household . Municipal solid waste disposal methods in the U.S. 2018. Processing and recovery- Those techniques equipment and facilities are used both to improve the efficiency of the other functional elements and to recover usable materials, conversion products, or energy from solid wastes. Recycling and recovery is only one phase of an integrated approach to solid waste management that also includes reducing the amount of waste produced . . 7 Steps To Selecting A Disposal Facility. Another method of treating municipal solid waste is composting, a biological process in which the organic portion of refuse is allowed to decompose under carefully controlled conditions. The oldest and most common form of waste disposal is landfill or dumpsites. Uploaded on Aug 01, 2014. 217 TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF PROCESSING AND TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE Figure 3.5: Indicative Material Recovery Facility and Pre-sorting Facility for Mixed Waste 6 z Source separated: MSW is segregated into biodegradable and recyclables at the point of generation before it is collected. Composting is a biological transformation. Soil supports vegetation on which animals depend. SOLID WASTE AND ITS MANAGEMENT f WASTE It is defined as: Waste (also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk) is any unwanted or useless materials. Solid wastes are major soil pollutants. The liquid waste is left in a sediment basin and any contaminants are easily removed. Solid waste recycling refers to the reuse of manufactured goods from which resources such as steel, copper , or plastics can be recovered and reused. Local government planners, haulers, and recyclers can use this site's waste characterization tools to estimate the amount of certain materials in their waste stream. Definition: Solid wastes are the organic and inorganic waste materials such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, kitchen refuse, paper, appliances, paint cans, batteries, etc., produced in a society, which do not generally carry any value to the first user (s). Solid waste management can be divided into five key components: Generation Storage Collection Transportation Disposal 7.4.1 Generation Generation of solid waste is the stage at which materials become valueless to the owner and since they have no use for them and require them no longer, they wish to get rid of them. In order to classify waste as non-liquid/ solid, it must have 20% of its content as solid and must not liberate any liquids while transporting it. Disposal Those activities associated with ultimate disposal of solid waste, including those waste collected and transported directly to landfill . Disposal - incinerating waste without energy recovery and/or diverting waste materials to landfills. 7.16.080 Solid waste service fund. Disposal Total estimated Solid Waste Generated: 1.5 - 2 tonnes per day (based on an estimate of 250g per person per day) Types of Solid Waste: Biodegradable: Animal waste, vegetable waste Non-Biodegradable: Plastic bags, papers, glass Solid Waste Sources: HH, Weekly markets, Schools/Anganwadis, Current Disposal methods Currently there is no . Two to three sweepers come to one container. Some processing might be needed . nihumathulla. METHODS OF SOLID WASTEDISPOSAL INCINERATION LANDFILLS IN-SITU DISPOSAL RECYCLING REUSE INCINERATION Solid organic wastes are subjected to COMBUSTION Convert into - residue - gaseous product LANDFILLS(MODERN LANDFILLS)LANDFILL CONTAINING LEACHATE LANDFILL GAS EXTRACTION SYSTEM OR Any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted and "A useless or profile less activity using or expanding or consuming thoughtlessly or carefully." Solid waste Chemical waste Liquid waste Commercial waste/ Gaseous waste Business waste Animal by Biomedical waste . Scrubbers, filters, and other pollution control equipment reduce pollutants released during the incineration process. 4. Solid waste management (SWM) process includes various actions related to generation, storage, collection, transfer & transport, processing and disposal of solid wastes [ 3, 8 ]. SOLID WASTE. Soil is the superficial layer of earth crust which is essential like air and water. It offers a variety of solutions to recycle the waste, which ultimately leads down to finding ways to recycle it as a valuable resource. It is estimated that the amount of solid waste per capita is around 500 kilograms per year. For non-hazardous waste, most landfills must simply fit within . Of this amount . This process is also known as thermal treatment where solid waste materials are converted by Incinerators into heat, gas, steam and ash. Like air and water, soil may also get polluted. Sludge may be regarded as a semisolid liquid that contains solids in the range of 0.5 to 12 per cent (by weight). The combustion process converts wastes into ash, flue, gas, water vapor, and carbon dioxide. In theory, one-cubic-meter waste disposal bins with a storage capacity of half ton of waste are placed every 250 meters along streets. Disposal into seas. It is estimated that the amount of solid waste per capita is around 500 kilograms per year. Following each of these steps in the process of waste disposal will help enormously to live hygienically and healthily. The wastes are used for landfill in which a natural or man-made pit or hollow is filled with the waste, covered with soil and often landscaped. The method of solid waste disposal by deployed military forces is very dependent on three factors: the duration of a camp site, the current security situation of a particular site, and the ability and willingness of local host nation infrastructure to handle these wastes. In this method, solid waste is simply dumped to fill up low-lying areas. Dead bird. gasification has many advantages which provide almost complete disposal of municipal solid waste. Disposal of solid waste or waste incineration ash in sanitary polygons can endanger groundwater or surface water sources. Methods of Handling Solid Waste 3. These wastes are produced in our society and generally do not carry any value to its first user. Feeding organic waste to animals is a simple and easy method of waste recycling. The collection, treatment and disposal of this solid waste in a proper manner is called solid waste management. As for waste management, it is the measures utilized to manage waste in its entire life cycle . Disposal of solid waste or waste incineration ash in sanitary polygons can endanger groundwater or surface water sources. These waste disposal units also make the people go disease-free as all the resultant wastes are properly disposed and taken care of. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. The water that remains in the basin is filtered and . 1.3 Classification of solid waste 6 1.4 Functional elements of solid waste management 7 1.5 Main sources of solid waste generation 9 1.6 Waste handling and separation, storage and processing at the sources 10 1.7 Solid waste collection 10 1.8 Recycling and reuse 12 1.9 Common solid waste disposal methods 13 1.9.1. Protecting human health and the natural environment from the potential hazards of chemical wastes. Hazardous & Toxic Waste Any discarded material, liquid or solid, that contains substances known to be 1) Fatal to human or laboratory animals in low dose 2) Toxic, carcinogenic, or mutagenic to humans or other life-forms 3) Ignitable with flash point less than 60oC 4) Corrosive 5) Explosive or highly reactive. Recovery - recovering energy through incineration of waste. It is defined as. Vermicomposting. The method involves spreading the solid waste on the ground, compacting it and then covering it with soil at suitable intervals. It is a place with increasing population and generates . Two main types of waste are produced by poultry enterprises depending on the rearing system adopted on the farm. POULTRY MANURE. Municipal - generated by homes, institutions, small businesses Industrial - factories, mining and drilling, agriculture. ; Onsite handling, storage, and processing: This relates to activities at the point of waste generation, which facilitate easier collection.For example, waste bins are placed at sites that generate sufficient waste. The charges for collection and disposal provided in this chapter are intended for the purpose of paying the cost of providing such services including, but not limited to, the cost of operations, maintenance, administration, debt service, landfill closure, equipment acquisitions and capital improvements. k.a 12 solid waste management nihumathulla. Some of the common methods are described below: 1. The composition of the sludge is highly variable and depends on the source of raw sewage and its treatment processes. View Notes - Solid Waste Management - Lecture 1 - 2017.ppt from CCB 211 at University of Botswana-Gaborone. Promote energy conservation and protect natural resources ** Eliminate/minimize the generation of hazardous waste, through source reduction and recycling 32. it is a disposal method in which solid organic wastes are subjected to combustion so as to convert them into residue and gaseous products. 1. is a easy and natural bio-degradation process that . and helps to keep the environment clean. production of new glass from fragments, the melting of scrap iron and the production of . These slides provide an overview of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) and the development of restrictions on disposing of waste on land including common mistakes and questions. Household waste as municipal waste 2.Industrial waste as hazardous waste 3.Biomedical waste or hospital waste as infectious waste f Municipal solid waste consist of--- household waste construction and demolition debris sanitation residue waste from streets With rising urbanization and change in life 2011). Process of Solid Waste Management 5. A waste management system is the strategy an organization uses to dispose, reduce, reuse, and prevent waste. Prevention - reducing the percentage of waste that is produced in the first place. On the other hand, liquid waste is defined as wastewater, fats, oils or grease (FOG . Poultry litter - Waste from deep litter systems. It is an emerging technology that treats hazardous waste by converting incinerator ash or chemicals into non-hazardous slag. b) Collection of waste. Solid waste is managed by the JMC.Sweepers bring the waste to a municipal bin. Publication: 11 April 2020. Microbes metabolize the organic waste material and reduce its volume by as much as 50 percent. . Translate PDF. It is the natural process of decomposition of organic waste that yields manure or compost, which is very rich in nutrients. management (avoidance, generation, storage, collection, etc). Details Solid Waste in India India generates 62 million tonnes of waste each year. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), b. This waste can be recycled by the method of composting, one of the oldest forms of disposal. Keeps the environment clean and fresh: Perhaps, the greatest advantage of waste management is keeping the environment fresh and neat. The waste can be in any form - liquid, solid, gas - but with the help of waste management processes, each state has its own disposal methods. INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE 6.1 INTRODUCTION Environmental pollution is the major problem associated with rapid industrialisation, urbanisation and rise in living standards of people. Through this method, waste is collected and then simply thrown to a dumping site. Landfill 2. in every aspect since by-products of it can be used for different purposes. It disposes the used water from households, factories, etc. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), passed in 1976, created the framework for America's hazardous and non-hazardous waste management programs. Sedimentation and Dewatering. Solid waste management refers to the collecting, treating, and disposing of solid material that is discarded or is no longer useful. Recycling refers to both the direct reuse of used products (e.g. This one method that is used to separate the water out of solid waste in non-hazardous liquid waste. This process reduces the volumes of solid waste to 20-30% of the original volume. Methods of solid waste disposal Open dumping. Composting is another most frequently used waste disposal or treatment method which is the controlled aerobic decomposition of organic waste materials by the action of small invertebrates and microorganisms. Solid waste management is an important aspect of urban area management. yields a valuable product that can be used. Definition of Solid Waste. lack of adequate solid waste disposal facilities (Ana et al.